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Immediate Effects of Mirror Therapy in Patients With Chronic Lumbar Pain and Decreased Range of Motion
The aim of this study was to determine whether visualization of the back influenced parameters of movement-related pain in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain. There is research showing that people with chronic low back pain have disruptions in the way their brains represent the back, including alterations in brain structure. We used a randomized cross-over experiment in which 69 participants performed repeated lumbar spine movements. It is now well established that a significant part of a human’s pain experience is correlated with the vigilance of the central and peripheral nervous system. A brief mirror therapy intervention can result in statistically significant improvements in pain, pain catastrophization, fear-avoidance and lumbar AROM in this patients. The immediate changes may allow a quicker transition to multimodal treatment, including manual therapy and therapeutic exercise.