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THE ROLE OF GRADUATED NURSE WHEN EDUCATING PARENTS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF DENTAL HYGIENE IN AREA OF LENART V SLOV. GORICAH
Theoretical starting points: Diseases of the teeth and oral cavity should not be neglected, since the teeth are connected through to the whole human body. Thus the bacteria that penetrate deep into the tooth can enter our body through the circulatory system. Because primary teeth are particularly susceptible to tooth decay, parents need to be informed as soon as possible and made aware of how to keep primary teeth healthy. In the diploma work we thus present the role of the graduate nurse when teaching the parents and their children and how much they use the acquired knowledge in practice.
Objective: The aim of the diploma thesis is to find out what knowledge do parents have about hygiene and diseases of children's teeth and how much is dental prevention effective in preschool children in the area of Lenart in Slov. gorice.
Method: In the empirical part of the diploma thesis we used the survey method in the kindergarten in Lenart with the help of the research by the method of quantitative descriptive research. 44 parents of preschool children aged 3 to 6 have participated.
Results: It was found that although parents are well aware of the care of children's oral hygiene, they do not always translate the instructions into practice. Parents know that sugar damages their teeth, most of them drink water when thirsty. Most of the children have already been to the dentist and the reasons for the visit are different. It is surprising that only half of those surveyed are able to write down any of the dental and oral diseases.
Discussion: The vast majority of parents who participated in the study are aware of the importance of hygiene and the maintenance of primary teeth since they have been cleaning their baby's teeth from the very beginning. They perform oral hygiene regularly, know how to choose a suitable toothbrush and are familiar with harmful food for the teeth. According to the results of the research we believe, that dental education in the area of Lenart in Slov. gorice works well and effectively.