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INVOLVEMENT OF RELATIVES IN THE CARE OF THE PERSON WITH DEMENTIA IN DOMESTIC ENVIROMENT
Theoretical starting points: Mental health represents an important part of the quality of life of older people. Taking care of a demented relative in the domestic environment represents a great strain for everybody who is included in the care of demented relatives. By research, we wished to ascertain what the role of relatives in taking care of a relative with dementia in the domestic environment is and what kind of problems are experienced by the relatives of a demented person. Method: We used the quantitative method of research, the method of description, and the method of synthesis and compilation. An instrument of the research was a structured survey questionnaire that was made on the basis of the review of the professional literature. We used a non-random occasional pattern. In the research, 70 participants older than 18 years were included. They are included in the care of a demented relative in the domestic environment. Results: By the data analysis, we showed that dementia is a topic which is unpleasant for the relatives, which was responded by 65,4% of the relatives participating in the survey. Children are taking care of the relative with a dementia most often. In 77,1%, the participants of the survey state that taking care of a demented relative exhausts them always. The participants of the survey believe most often that they are insufficiently informed (41,4%) about dementia. Most often, they list being relieved by spare-time activities (58,5 %). Discussion: We ascertain that the disease dementia affects the relatives of the demented persons mostly. The participants of the survey believe that they are insufficiently informed about dementia. Therefore, it is necessary to offer to raise awareness of the public in the future even more with the purpose of identifying the symptoms of dementia early and thus taking measures in the struggle against the disease more quickly and more efficiently. In addition, it will be necessary to ensure preventive measures and early discovery of the disease and to protect the demented persons and their relatives medically and socially.