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THE CONTRIBUTION OF JANKO BEZJAK PHD TO THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE MOTHER TONGUE AS TEACHING LANGUAGE
In the course of the second half of the 19th century and during the first decades of the 20th century the forward-looking intellectuals, undoubtedly including the multilateral educator – linguist Janko Bezjak PhD, became increasingly aware of the meaning and the role of the mother tongue as an essential tool, not only as regards the elementary communication, but also as an efficient means to satisfy the needs of urgent development of various areas of expertise, thus facilitating progressive action and existence of the then rather fragile national entity of the Austro-Hungarian Slovenedom. It was to this purpose that Janko Bezjak PhD (being an excellent theoretician and an active practitioner) directed his dichotomous activities in the field of education towards the creation of a concept of the mother tongue based (also) on his own experience. The vast endeavours and applicative activity of Mr Bezjak are to be considered as a sophisticated and targeted superstructure of the conceptual central theme by numerous predecessors, who even before his time wanted to pave the way for the Slovenian language as a literary language, not merely in the field of fiction. An extremely lively and simultaneously varied formation, development, improvement and the flow of new ideas, strengthened by numerous positive moves in the legislative field contributed significantly to the ever greater loosening of the binary-oriented intellectual saying 'Aut Latinum, aut nihil' which had been valid for thousands of years. Furthermore, Slovenian was at the time – being an emerging and an internally hardly (yet) homogeneous formation (carniolan, styrian-carinthian and littoral variant and the Prekmurje constitutive language community being excluded at the time) - additionally clamped within the actually existing Slovenian – German binomial, the existence of which was from the practically functional perspective in its essence not problematic.