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The effects of a multicomponent physiotherapy program on muscular strength and function in professional top basketball player
Introduction: Physiotherapeutic rehabilitation program is therefore of crucial importance in reaching a sufficient muscle strength and knee function, especially because basketball players with a history of an ACL injury have an increased risk of recurrence, in comparison to the not-injured ones. Methods: A top basketball player (NBA) was included in the case study after a second reconstruction of the right knee knee ACL with the removal of a patellar autologous graft on the contralateral leg. We used the mixed methods design and, through a sequential research design, conducted the collection, analysis and interpretation of data. Results: According to the 8-week physiotherapy program, the muscle strength of the four-legged thigh muscles and the posterior thigh muscles is in the desired range depending on the weight of the basketball player; On the other hand, the difference in the muscular strength of the right and left quadriceps of the femur and the symmetry index of the limbs were obtained by means of a one-legged long-distance jump test, which according to the program relies on 99.48% and meets the criteria for basketball return to sports. Conclusions: Based on the analysis of quantitative and qualitative results, we find that in this way we can develop a more concise understanding of the effectiveness of the mentioned physiotherapy program to meet the criteria for return to sport and a broader insight into the personal experiences of top basketball players regarding the effectiveness of the program.