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The effects of multicomponent balance exercise in combination with dance on the balance of the elderly
Introduction: Balance is crucial for the quality of life of an elderly person and the day-to-day tasks, while a good balance reduces the chance of falls. Numerous foreign and domestic authors have stated that with aging there is a decrease in physical and functional abilities. Involving older people in physical activity, including dancing and maintaining an active lifestyle, is of utmost importance as it forms the basis for independence at a late age. Methods: We conducted a pilot study using a randomized clinical trial protocol to investigate the short-term effects of 12-month physiotherapy exercise directed toward the balance of the elderly. The convenience sample consisted of 24 elderly people between the ages of 66 and 86, enrolled in social care services at home for the elderly, which were randomly assigned to study (dance figures and balance-oriented exercise) and a control group that did not receive physiotherapy services. We used valid and reliable functional balance tests. Results: Based on the statistical analysis of the results, we find that there were statistically significant differences between the mean values of the four-square-step test and single leg stance test between the groups at the end of the study, in favor of the study group. in the control group, the average results of these tests even worsened, but the differences were not statistically significant Conclusions: The existing results of the pilot study are only relevant to the abovementioned ad hoc sample and a prospective randomized clinical trial on a larger sample of elderly would be necessary in the future.