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Za človeka gre: Relevanca znanosti in izobraževanja / All about people: Relevance of science and education 2020

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Cannabis, emotional health and research: a critical overview

There is a scientific consensus that many people, especially adolescents who are prone to or have psychiatric or behavioral problems, tend to use cannabis more often. Socially integrated people are less likely to develop problematic consumption with negative effects on mental health. Mental health protection, especially among adolescents and other vulnerable groups, is a major health problem. The brain matures as early as the third decade of life. Although some adolescents do not have serious consequences, the use of cannabis (and other substances) during development is significantly more risky for adolescents than for adults. First-time use, frequency, duration, route of administration, “strength” and cannabis doses, combination with other (psychoactive) substances, and many other factors affecting mental health are important. Especially important is the type of cannabis. a combination of different cannabinoids and terpenes. E.g. , CBD also alleviates some of the psychoactive effects of THC in cannabis, making cannabis with a lot of THC and a bit of CBD ("skunk") more problematic. This type of cannabis has emerged in conjunction with the prohibition that leaves the cannabis business black. People who use cannabis often suffer from mood, emotional and other psychiatric disorders. The question is whether cannabis use is really the cause of these disorders, or whether people are resorting to cannabis for self-medication. The cannabis policy and profession have also split into two competing poles. The first claims that cannabis use can be the cause of addiction, psychosis, anxiety, depression, chronic cognitive impairment, as well as structural changes in the brain. Another claims that he has cannabis. Cannabinoid CBD made from cannabis has a neuroprotective property and could be used to treat psychosis, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, pain, certain neurological disorders and addictions. First link claims are used to continue prohibiting cannabis use; and other links to prove the legitimacy of the medical use of cannabis. Although it is most worthwhile investing in maintaining and enhancing well-being and / or. Mental health to reduce mental disorders, however, we also repeatedly have to use various possible ways to alleviate mental distress and treat mental disorders. Any additional options are welcome. Cannabis has great potential for treating these disorders when traditional medicines are ineffective or have serious side effects. However, there is still little evidence for the use of cannabis as a cure for mental health disorders. Research in this area is often hampered with regard to cannabis prohibition. As a result, physicians and other professionals also lack sufficient evidence-based knowledge based on independent and extensive research. There is also a misuse of science (selective fact-gathering; data / information picking; mixing correlation and causality; manipulative interpretation; selective use of scientific findings, etc.), some claims about the connection between cannabis use and mental health, overtly neglecting complex links to social values , specifically the harm of cannabis prohibition, and focus only on the potential risks of cannabis use. There is no denying the specific risk of cannabis use, especially among children and young people, in people with mental disorders, road users and excessive use of cannabis with high THC and low CBD. However, the damage to the mental health of people through prohibition, including the criminalization of self-care and cannabis patients, is far greater. When research data is misinterpreted and misrepresented and promoted by fears and myths about the serious threat of cannabis to people's mental health and prejudices about people with mental illness, then we need to speak up and make it public. Such manipulations have a bad effect in the long run, as confidence in the credibility of the professional sources of official data decreases in the public. Therefore, scientific findings about whether cannabis is bad or good for mental health are (yet) not convincing enough and suggest that cannabis can be harmful as well as beneficial.

Dušan Nolimal
Institut ICANNA
Slovenia

tanja bagar
Institut ICANNA, AMEU
Slovenia

 


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