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Verification on the effectiveness of stabilization exercise in the elderly using the TMG method in a pilot study
INTRODUCTION: The pilot study was carried out with a purpose to verify the effect of stabilization exercises on the strength and contraction rate of spinal erector (ES) muscles and lateral symmetry which are practiced at various spas, fitness centers for the elderly, nursing homes and private. Muscle wasting is associated with a loss of functional ability, independence, and increased fragility, falls, and disability in older adults. The study was conducted to allow physiotherapy students with their own experience to understand the effects of such exercise. METHODS: Thirteen elderly people (aged 65 - 78) were included in 45-minute stabilization workouts (12 days) in the pilot study, guided by physiotherapy students. Initial and final measurements were performed by using tensiomyography method (TMG) on the erector spinae (ES) muscle. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The 12-day workout period definitely had an impact on the value of the tested muscle (ES - Erector spinae). Combining results of both sexes, we find out that the left muscle got faster by 0.76 ms and the right one by 0.57 ms. However, the overall lateral symmetry dropped by 3%. The reason for that could be the different physical shape of the tested subjects or maybe just how well they were actually doing the exercises. From this point of view, we consider that the neuromuscular assessment using TMG is important for training and at the same time for rehabilitation and recovery protocols, especially when we talk about such small changes.