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Socio – demographic characteristics as determinants of ICT use in education
Information and communication technology (ICT) has changed the way we live and most importantly it has changed the way we learn and think. Because of the growing importance of new technologies, there is a need for changing the traditional educational paradigm. Changing the educational paradigm implies the application and use of information communication technologies in the learning processes. Learning based on new technologies in the literature is more commonly known as e-learning. E-learning implies the use of different electronic devices, multimedia and the Internet in education. Because of the growing importance of ICT, it is important to examine the factors that contribute more or less to the successful use and implementation of ICT in the context of education. Although the existing technologies are being used in education, there are still a lot of innovations to be expected, allowing e-treatment to be popularized. By studying the literature, many authors claim that there is a significant contribution of socio-demographic characteristics to the individual use of information and communication technology. Some research has shown that characteristics such as the level of education, previous education, gender and income affect attitudes and use of new technologies. Regarding socio – demographic differences, it is obvious that there is a problem of motivation and effectiveness of learning through the use of new technologies. For these reasons, this study focused on researching the socio-demographic characteristics of students and their influence on students ' preferences towards the use of ICT in the process of education and learning. In order to examine the extent to which the socio-demographic determinants affect the use of ICT of students, a face – to face survey was used. The survey was conducted among students. Descriptive statistics were used for research purposes as well as other analyses such as regression analysis. In addition to analyzing the impact of socio-demographic characteristics of students and their preferences towards the use of ICT, this work can contribute to greater sensitivity and rational application of e-learning systems in universities and schools. Such research can contribute to a greater understanding of student attitudes towards new technologies and through this understanding to strengthen inclusiveness and reduce the digital gap in the education processes.