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Impact of Dance Movement Therapy on Activity and Participation of person with Neurological Impairment
Introduction: The Dance Movement Therapy ( FUNB ) approach is based on the bio-psycho-social model of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and therapeutic approaches that are aimed at restoring physical functioning, activity and participation. FUNB is a group activity consisting of three parts: preparation for dance, sitting dance and dance . The contents of each part are specifically tailored, therapeutic approaches are considered and activity elements are determined.
Music has an important role in FUNB. Music is a therapeutic medium that influences emotional stability, helps gaining control and reduces stress level and anxiety through the power of its melody and rhythm.
The programme has developed Zdenka Pihlar, occupational therapist, NDT.
The aim of study was to gain information on the advantages and deficiencies of FUNB. We applied a non-standardised questionnaire. The focus of the study was on the influence of music and dance on functional activity and participation in social life.
Methods : the study included members of the club of patients who suffered cerebrovascular disease-ŠTRK from Črenšovci.They participated voluntarily and were previously aware of the purpose of research work. Twenty members were included in a group led by a occupational therapists, specialized for FUNB protocol. The age limit was seventyfive years. We evaluated the patient's satisfaction with the FUNB program with an unstandardised structured questionnaire last day of participation in the group. We conducted statistical data processing with the SPSS program.
Results: Twenty patients participated in the quantitative study. Sixteen women and four men were included. The average age of participants was 64.5 ± 6.6 years, the youngest was fifty and the oldest was seventy years old.Program was held twice a week, and each member has done ten visits.
From all twenty arguments of the non-standardised structured questionnaire – which have been linked to the difficulty of the programme itself, the role of music in the therapeutic programme and the group method of treatment in the FUNB therapeutic programme, the included patients reported no deficiencies of the programme. The average of the responses is to conclude that patients do not see the shortcomings of the programme , we conclude that they notice the benefits that the programme offers.
Conclusion : We can conclude that the patients see the advantages of the program, they notice different difficulty levels and they find FUNB to be useful in helping them participating in the activity and social life.