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Characterization of General R. Maister As A Hero On The Basis of Heroism Theories

General Rudolf Maister (1874–1934) has come in Slovenian history as a military commander in the aftermath of World War I, following the collapse of the Austria-Hungary, when the fate of such a small nation as the Slovenian one was very insecure. On 1st November 1918, Rudolf Maister - then major - took over the military command of the city of Maribor and the Lower Styria. On 23rd November 1918 he, as general, disarmed the German Green Guard in Maribor and de facto established his command. So, he decisively intervened in determination of the border between the new states (the Austrian and »Yugoslavian«) in the Lower Styria and important influenced the preservation of this part of the Slovenian national territory in Slovenian possession.

Hereby I assume, general Rudolf Maister has by this courageous and patriotic action on his own initiative become a Slovenian national hero, though the attitude toward his merits for Slovenian nation has been changing during the time and has been of different intensity.

On the basis of different Heroism Theories (Aristotel, L. Lowenthal, A. Trstenjak, P. Zimbardo, E. Hobsbawn, J. Campbell) and classifications of heroes I make an attempt to place the figure of General Rudolf Maister as a historical figure with special, above-average attributes with outstanding deeds in adequate subgroup of heroes.

Jerica Pavšič
AMEU-ISH, doktorska kandidatka
Slovenia

 


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