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Low back pain at air rifle shooters
Nowadays, back pain is a very common problem. It is encountered by both, active and inactive people and is often an integral part of athletes' lives. The purpose of the study is to determine the causal relationship of low back pain (LBP) and to examine the effect of the kinesiotherapy program on the intensity of the pain in air rifle shooters with low back pain present. The sample consisted of thirty-three competitors of both sexes, aged fifteen to twenty. They were divided into two groups: a control group, with eleven subjects who did not suffer from back pain, and a test group, with twenty-two subjects suffering from LBP. A closed-ended questionnaire with thematic questions about the characteristics of training and LBP and the effects of a kinesiotherapy program after the measurement period was used. A ten-step VAS scale to measure pain intensity, a Schober test to measure the extent of spinal mobility, and manual muscle testing were also used. A binominal test, a non-parametric Mann Whitney test, a Spearman correlation coefficient, and a Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test using SPSS were used to determine the association. The findings indicate a sixty-seven percent prevalence of LBP among young shooters in the sample, whereas no association was found between decreased mobility, muscle strength, time and frequency of training on LBP occurrence. The difference in pain intensity before and after the kinesiotherapy program was not statistically significant. The results obtained are not in line with the available literature and other research, but they certainly provide fundamental starting points, given the prevalence of LBP among young shooter athletes, for the necessary research in this field.