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Effects of Sensorimotor Training In Parkinson's Disease Patients
Parkinson's disease is the second most common progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting central nervous system cells. It is characterized by the decay of dopaminergic neurons in the gray matter. The incidence of Parkinson's disease increases with age, and it is present in approximately 3% of the population over the age of 80. It is twice as common in men as women. Sensorimotor integration is the ability to incorporate sensory inputs (these provide information about your body and external environment) to inform and shape motor action. Successful integration of information enables the creation of the most efficient movement plan for performing a given task, where constant sensory feedback during the performance of a motor task helps to improve the plan and better perform the task. This process of sensorimotor integration is often disrupted in neurological disorders. Our purpose of the study was to examine the effects of sensorimotor training on gait, balance, number and the occurrence of falls by reviewing the field of sensorimotor integrations in Parkinson’s patients. According to a brief review of the literature, we find a large dispersion in the included interventions, which included one of the forms of sensorimotor training. It has been shown that sensorimotor training helps to reduce the number and risks for falls, while it was not proven to be most effective in gait. In balance we observed non-uniformity of research results.