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Effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training During Pregnancy On The Condition of Stress Urinary Incontinence After Delivery
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is very common both prenatal and postnatal periods and pelvic floor muscle training (tMMD) has been shown to improve the condition. The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of this training on the state of urinary incontinence after childbirth. In addition to the descriptive method, a quantitative research method was used. The sample included 141 mothers divided into a test group of 76 women who performed tMMD during pregnancy and a control group of 65 women who did not perform tMMD. We used the Mann Whitney and Spearman test to analyze the data, where we compared the results of postpartum urine leakage frequency rankings with a mean rank of 85.42 in the control group and 58.67 in the test group. The level of SUI in the control group was 83.93 and in the test group 59.95, indicating a higher frequency and rate of SUI after delivery in the control group. The rate of SUI after childbirth decreased in 44 women, increased in 8 women, and remained unchanged in 24 women. Thus, for our sample, we can conclude that the implementation of tMMD during pregnancy had a statistically significant reduction in the rate and frequency of stress urinary incontinence after childbirth, which confirms that tMMD should always be the first method of choice in managing SUI both during pregnancy and after childbirth.