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Influence of Smoking On The Lung Function of Amateur Footballers
Regular physical activity has also been shown to improve lung function, on the other hand, smoking has a negative effect on lung function. The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of smoking on the lung function of amateur footballers smokers, compared to non-smokers. We used descriptive statistics, a quantitative research method, by conducting a prospective study. The sample consisted of thirty amateur footballers with no lung problems. They were homogeneously divided into two groups of smokers and non-smokers, fifteen subjects each. Spirometric measurements of lung function were performed to compare respiratory parameters. Data were analyzed with the Shapiro-Wilk test of normality, the Levan test for equality of variances, and the t-test for equality of averages. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in any parameter of lung function, FVC (p = 0.755), FEV1 (p = 0.820), FEV1 / FVC (p = 0.887), PEF (p = 0.540), FEF 25 0.314), FEF 50 (p = 0.622) and FEF 75 (p = 0.503). Thus, the results of the research in our sample show that smokers on average achieve similar, with certain parameters also better results than non-smokers. Despite the harmful effects of smoking in general, there are no clearly visible effects of smoking on lung function in our sample, which could be attributed to regular physical activity or the negative impact of passive smoking.